The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols'' historical homeland; more Mongols live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People''s Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-Communist Mongolian People''s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party. The prime minister and most cabinet members are MPRP members.
Population - 2011: 3,133,318
Legal system: Blend of Soviet and German systems that employ "continental" or "civil" code; case-precedent may be used to inform judges, but all decisions must refer to the law as written; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts.
- Food Law / Code
The purpose of this Law is to ensure food necessities of the population, food safety and to regulate relations that arise between the government, individuals and legal entities in connection with the food production and services.
The purpose of this Law is to protect the rights of the consumers. The consumer shall have the right to use quality products and services that comply with standards established by the authorized organizations, constructional and sanitary norms, pharmacopoeias, prescriptions and contractual terms. The producers shall describe the quality, price, and date of manufacture and the time period of warranty of their products on the containers, packages, labels or operating instructions.